- ［横須賀古民家再生工事］ 竣工
- 初めての自社設計・自社施工で造った［伝統構法で造る木組みの家］ 竣工
- 葉山町 ［伝統構法で造る木組みのガレージ］竣工
- 築100年 古民家カフェ ［カフェテーロ・ハヤマ］竣工
- その他家具製作・カフェプロジェクト・水廻りリフォーム 竣工・森戸海岸海の家
It’s been two years since my mate Tatsuya Sasaki and I set up Fujimoto Traditional Carpentry.
For FTC, 2018 was a year of making new friends and taking bold leaps into the unknown. 2018 also saw FTC achieve many milestones with the completion of the following projects:
Construction projects aside, we were lucky enough to host interns from France and Germany and receive visits from Danish furniture makers and Australia’s number one Japanese tool supplier. We also had two very talented Australian carpenters come and work with us for a few weeks!
All of this was made possible by having Greg Simpson join the team as our international business development manager. With Greg on board we have been able to increase international understanding of the design philosophy of Japanese architecture and forge bonds with people from all over the world who share a common love for timber architecture.
It has been humbling for me to see how much Japanese woodworking resonates with people outside of Japan and I look forward to the ongoing sharing of skills and knowledge with fellow woodworkers, builders and architects throughout the world.
Finally I want say a big thank you to everyone who supported us this year. This includes not only our wonderful clients but also our families and friends, without whom none of our achievements would have been possible. I’d also like to say thank you to the clients how have seen fit to retain our services in the new year. Thanks to you it looks like FTC is guaranteed to keep going until at least 2020! On behalf the team at FTC I would like to wish you all a Happy New Year!
Part 3: Foundation work
So, with the purification rituals out of the way and the Gods given their dues, it is now time to get on with the business of laying the foundations.
Even though the house will be built with traditional Japanese carpentry techniques, the foundation itself is generally made from re-enforced concrete. Traditionally, Japanese building foundations were large natural stones on which the structural pillars stood. This technique is called Ishibadate （石場建て）and sometimes we still use it today, but that is a blog entry for another time.
As I’m sure you know, the foundation is basically the concrete base on which the wooden structure sits. We build the foundation and drop the house on top, so to speak.
But first things first. We need to determine a level and this process is called the Mizumori-yarikata （水盛りやり方）.
We do this by placing upright wooden stakes called Mizukui （水杭）around the perimeter of the building site and then we attach a wooden board called a Mizunuki （水貫）on one of the stakes. Using a laser-level we mark out the level on the Mizukui and Mizunuki. The level written on the Mizunuki is very important as this will be the reference point for all future surveying activities.
With the levels marked out, the concreters now have line to work from and can commence the site excavation in preparation for laying the concrete foundation.
Meanwhile, the carpenters go back to the workshop and get on with marking out the timber and cutting the joints…
Part 3: 基礎工事
– Building a post and beam house using traditional Japanese construction methods –
Part 2: Jichinsai (Ground-breaking ceremony)
Japan’s native religion ‘Shinto’ is founded on the animistic belief that all material objects, plants and natural phenomena contain a divine spirit or ‘Kami’ as they are called in Japanese. This concept is captured by the Japanese phrase ‘八百万の神’ (Yaoyorozu no kami – lit. eight million gods) which idiomatically expresses the uncountable number of Shinto gods.
Given this abundance of gods, it is inevitable that some of them will need to be appeased before building a house. You could say it is a bit like getting building approval from the local government only on a more spiritual level. This is why we conduct the ‘地鎮祭’ (Jichinsai) ceremony which is the Japanese equivalent of a ground-breaking ceremony. The purpose of the Jichinsai is to receive divine permission for using the land while also praying for a safe construction and the prosperity of the family that will live in the house.
A local Shinto Priest is invited to conduct the ceremony. The priest performs various rites such as giving offerings to the gods, saying prayers and purifying the land. The client then breaks the first ground using a ceremonial spade or hoe. This ceremony allows both the carpenters and the client to consider the gravity of the undertaking on which they are about to embark.
This ceremony has a long history in Japan but it is by no means compulsory or enforced. Just like visiting a Shinto shrine on New Year’s Day, the jichinsai is deeply ingrained in the Japanese culture. There is no law saying Japanese people must conduct the ceremony but people just do it anyway. To not conduct the ceremony or to not celebrate the new year at the shrine would just feel strange.
Having said that, these days some people opt for a more simplified version of the Jichinsai or simply do not do it at all. Some might say that it is just a ceremony but I think there is something comforting in maintaining this part of Japanese culture so let’s keep the Jichinsai alive!
When it’s all said and done, the jichinsai is a good opportunity for the client to meet the carpenters before construction commences.
#fujimototraditionalcarpentry #木組みの家 #地鎮祭
Hello everyone, it’s been a year since I posted an article last time, apologies! Fortunately, we have been very busy with lots of projects, opening a restaurant and also welcomed new members in our team!!! Please check our profiles in ‘About’ section.
We are excited to introduce you all our new project.
– Building a post and beam house using traditional Japanese construction methods –
Part 1: Ground survey
For any new build, the ground survey is a vital for creating a building that will last the test of time. So what is a ground survey? Well, as the name suggest, a ground survey is the practice of investigating the qualities of the land on which the house will stand. By assessing the topography, soil, history of the ground we can then design and build suitable foundations.
So why is this important? Put simply, building a house is essentially the same as placing something extremely heavy on the ground. If the ground is soft then naturally, the building will sink and inevitably begin to lean. By conducting a ground survey we can determine how soft the ground is and accordingly, what needs to be done in order to strengthen the ground so that it may give stability to a building that can weigh in excess of 70 tons.
Luckily, the ground on which Mr Y’s house is to be built is very strong. If it wasn’t, we’d have to make many improvements and this is never a cheap exercise. This is why it is so important to choose wisely when purchasing the land for your new home.
Two things that you should consider when choosing land are height and history. In Japan high ground is generally the most stable. The Japanese people have known this for countless generations and therefore, it is common to see the remnants of old foundations on vacant land situated on high ground. As the years go by this ground becomes stronger and stronger.
Gravity dictates that water will pool at the lowest point of a given topography and so low ground is generally soft and muddy. In Japan, low ground that is close to rivers and swamps has traditionally been given over to agriculture.
Having said that, it isn’t always true that high ground is strong ground and this is where history is important. Even high ground, when recently excavated is far weaker than ground that has been continually built upon for thousands of years.
To those of you thinking about building a house, my advice is this: while layout and fittings are important, in the first instance, it’s a good idea to give serious consideration to the ground on which the house will be built.
It’s only started, stay tuned on the progress 🙂
Major renovation project in Hayama / 葉山町古民家大改修 Part 1
Hello peeps! Thank you for your support over the past 2 years. We are about to open a door to the new stage – Opening of our very own showroom and Continue reading “Whole House Renovation 古民家大改修！”
A house made with natural materials in Yokohama / 横浜市泉区【自然素材の家】 Part 7
Finally! The exterior stucco has dried and been completed, the scaffolding is down as well. Look at that Continue reading “Smooooooooth and shiny つやっつやの漆喰壁”
A house made with natural materials in Yokohama / 横浜市泉区【自然素材の家】 Part 6
Now we are done with the base coat of the exterior. It is looking very much close to completion! It needs to be left to dry for about Continue reading “What’s under the floor モコモコであったかい家”
A house made with natural materials in Yokohama / 横浜市泉区【自然素材の家】 Part 5
Konnichiwa. Today we placed solid cedar boards underneath the eave soffit outside (where the roof edges are stretching). In this project, we paint all the wooden parts that is exposed to the elements with the Continue reading “Waterproofing – Lath – Waterproofing – Steel netting – Plaster – Carbon coating – Stucco 杉板に杉色を塗る”
A house made with natural materials in Yokohama / 横浜市泉区【自然素材の家】 Part 4
Hi all, I hope you are all having a good weekend.
Again this is a post about the other day when we’ve done some base for the waterproofing work etc. Like we did for the roof, we worked on the vent layer in the walls so that it prevents the heat from outside from going inside and the moisture in the walls have somewhere to escape to.